At that time--in the year the three neighbors of this young Swedish monarch were three kings of powerful northern nations--Frederick the Fourth, King of Denmark; Augustus, called the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, and Peter, afterward known as the Great, Czar of Russia.
Aryan died S. London foundered 8. Ranelagh wrecked Flood Bris. L Brown tfc Co. Leonards died Eleotric light installed at Char. Inches The mean pressure was lower than for the same period a year ago. Mear shade temperature was higher than last year. Full Moon 14 Venus sets 28 p. The times of rising and setting of the sun and moon are for the upper limb, corrected for parallax and refraction. The Sun Bises Sets. High Water on Brisbane Bar. Brisbane Courier reduced to Id Purification li.
Bush fires in Victoria 5th Sunday after Epiphany. Thomas Binney died St. Longfellow, poet, born j 5 Ash Wednesday. Mean shade temperature was 1'5 lower than last year. Calms observed 13 times. Southerly 33 times ; northerly, twice; easterly, 8 times; south-east, 21 times. New Moon 1 9. New Moon 81 6. Apogee, 15 a.
Venus sets 8 9 p. The Sun Rises Sets. Horace Walpole died Bev. Gold discovered at Waterhouse, Tas. Palmer died John Sebastian Bach, composer, b. Eurydice capsized, lost, 4th Sunday in Lent. Whitman, poet, died James I. Keble, author Christian Year, d. Surprise launch, at Sydney, '5 Season for birds mentioned on page 18 ends 31st of H. Ill 17 27; A. Mean shade temperature Mean maximum shade Maximum in shade 95 Minimum in shade Highest barometric reading Lowest barometric reading 29 Rainfall, inches in 11 days.
The mean pressure was higher than for the same period a year ago. Mean shade temperature 4 higher than March, Calms observed, 14 times.
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Northerly, 7 times ; north-east, 8 times ; easterly, 20 times j south-east, 19 times ; southerly, 19 times ; inches of rain fell, as against in March, Full Moon 15 New Moon 29 8. Apogee, 11 8'0 p. Perigee, 27 p. Venus sets 7 54 p. Holmau Hunt born Great Comet seen at Melbourne. Oliver Goldsmith died Cooktown prod, a Municipality. F'st volunteer encampment, N. Cook landed at Botany Bay.
Minimum in shade Prevailing winds S. Mean pressure was lower than for the same period a year ago. The mean shade temperature was 09 lower than last year. Calms were observed 10 times. Northerly, 4 times ; north-east, 4 times ; easterly, 12 times ; south-east, 7 times j southerly, 35 tunas. Full Moon 15 1. May 3 Venus in conjun. Venus sets 7 56 p. Jupiter rises 55 p. Saturn rises 8 41p. Chartist Demonstration in London, New Zealand dec. Livingstone died Napoleon died at St. Helena j 3rd Sunday after Easter.
Earl of Robebery born Trucannini, last Tas. Sydney Mint established OCiipt. Dacca wrecked Post Oflice Savings Banks estabd. Gladstone died Rogation Sunday. Mean pressure was higher than for the same period a year ago. The mean shade temperature was higher than last year.
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Southerly winds were most prevalent, having been observed 34 times ; northerly, twice ; easterly winds, 7 times ; and westerly winds, 13 times -, calms observed 13 times. Year Raintall, May. June 1 Venus in conjun. Venus sets 7 45 p. Mars rises 4 15 a. Jupiter rises 4 38 p. Saturn rises 33 p. Whit Monday, d Whit Tuesday. Hawkesbury Kiver discovered Corpus Christi. Dickens died Trinity Sunday. Battle of Waterloo James I. The mean shade temperature was degree higher than last year. Easterly winds were observed 4 times ; southerly winds, 31 times ; northerly, twice ; westerly winds, 39 times.
Calms were observed 7 times. Year Inches Days July 2 Sun in Apogee, 11 p. The times of rising anil setting of the sun and moon are for the upper limb, corrected for parallax and refraction.
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Moon High Water on Brisbane Bar. Hegira, or Flight of Mahomet. Cook sailed from Deptford. Mean pressure was The mean shade temperature was PG lower than last year. Pre- vailing winds observed this year were— E. Halms observed 17 times. Full Moon 11 7. Venus rises 4 18 a. Jupiter sets a. Thk Sun Rises Sets. High Water on Brisbane Bar Morn. Lammas Day — Bank Holiday. Q'land, 29 Chris. Columbus sailed for America, 2y P Percy Shelley, poet, born 28 8th Sunday after Trinity. Austral arrived at Glasgow. Enterprise sailed up Yarra 12 St.
Diocese of Tasmania founded 8 Cholera broke out in London 75 J. Mean shade temperature Mean maximum shade Maximum in shade Minimum in shade 37 - 5 Highest barometric reading Lowest barometric reading 2 Rainfall, inches m 8 days. Mean pressure was 0. Mean shade temperature was 0'9 lower than last year. Southerly winds noticed 32 times; westerly, 14 times; northerly, 3 times; easterly, G times; south-east, once; south-west, 11 hues ; calms, 20 times. New Music by every mail. I Last Quar, 16 a. Now Moon 24 6. Perigee, 10 4 a. Apogee, 24 2'0 p. Venus rises 3 23 a. S Mars rises 3 1 a. Saturn sets 2 16 a.
The times of rising and setting of the sun and moon are for the upper limb, corrected for parallax and retraction. Furious gales on the coast S. High Water on Brisbane Bar i Aftrn. Pull Moon 8 New Moon 23 J Mars rises 2 14 a. Second Victorian Exhibition op. Waghorn's 1st overland route M. Moan pressure was higher than for same period a year ago. Mean shade temperature was t '4 degrees lower than last year. Calms observed 10 times. The wind was northerly 27 times i southerly, 13 times; easterly, 10 times; north-east, 18 times; westerly, 3 times ; and north-west, 3 times, inches of rain fell as against P inches in Full Moon 7 9.
New Moon 22 5. Saturn sets 10 4 p. Brisbane stand- ard time. Ctty of Sydney wrecked Prince of Wales born, First sheep landed at Port Phillip. Cook took possession of N,Z. Mean pressure was Till lower than for the same period a year ago. Mean shade temperature was higher than last year. Calms observed ]4 times. Northerly winds prevailed 84 times; north-east, 20 times; and easterly, 12 times; southerly, 5 times; south east, once.
Full Moon 6 8. I New Moon 22 The times of rising and getting of the sun and moon are for the upper limb, corrected for parallax and refraction. Princess of Wales born 4 Advent Sunday. Erasmus Darwin born 4 Artemisia, 1st immig. Parry, Arctic navigator, b. Minimum in shade Prevailing winds.
Mean pressure was lower tlian for the same period a year ago. Mean shade temperature was 1 11 higher than lust year. Culms observed 18 times. Southerly, 17 times; easterly, 18 times; and south-east, 10 times. B - inches of rain fell, us against inches in Aftrn to H M. Corrected for refraction, will answer for all ensuing Almanacs, being the means of 4 years.
J Rises 1 Sets. J Rises I Sets. I Rises, I Sets. To say that one month here agrees with another in Great Britain is pure fiction. Queensland winters, in many parts of the colony, much resemble English summers; and especially is this true of the North of the colony. Some portions of Southern Queensland, notably the higher portions of the Darling Downs district, very closely resemble — both in climate and productions — the more southern latitudes.
In the warmer districts of the North where the progress of vegetation is much more rapid and the summer at least a month earlier than in the southern portions of the colony, nearly all garden and field operations may be performed considerably sooner. In the tropical North it has been proved useless to attempt many of the ordinary spring and summer crops of the South owing to the unmitigated heat of summer both by day and night.
Even maize is more a failure than a success generally as a summer crop, and the vegetables found to be profitable require to be mostly of a tropical character. In a more temperate climate, such as that of the Darling Downs, it may be necessary to defer these somewhat; and in still colder and later districts such as the neighbourhood of Stanthorpe, further allowance will require to be made.
Small sowings may be made of carrots, celery, cauliflowers, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, etc. Should the weather prove favourable, plant out savoys, cabbages, cauliflowers, etc. Plant out celery in trenches which should be made about twelve or sixteen inches wide, twelve inches in depth, and four ieet apart; the top spit should be turned alternately on either side, as this will be required in the alter culture of the plant for earthing up.
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Six or seven inches of good rotten dung should be laid in the bottom of the trench and dug in ; or, if the subsoil is bad, lay a few inches of rich vegetable compost over the dung. Lift the plants carefully, preserving a ball of earth at the root of each, and cut off the straggling leaves and side offsets. Plant in a row along the centre of each trench seven or eight inches apart. Planting is best performed in the evening, and a plentiful watering supplied ; this should be frequently repeated if the weather prove dry. The seed should be sown in boxes, and when the plants are large enough to handle transfer them to the prepared trenches.
Look over cucumbers, melons, etc. Hoe, stir, and water advancing crops ; liquid manure will be found serviceable. Herbs should be cut for drying when at full growth and coming into flower— and some when in full flower, as lavender, marigold, and camomile, for their flowers only. Cut in dry weather, and spread or hang up in a dry airy place, out of the reach of the sun, that they may dry gently. Some of the supei fiuous and ill-placed shoots may still lie removed from peaches, plums, etc. Oranges, lemons, peaches and all kinds of fruit trees may now be bulded.
Stake and tie all tall-growing plants, and cut buck pelargoniums th. Beds of verbenas, petunias, and pelargoniums should be kept free from weeds, and, if freely supplied with water in dry weather, will flower much better. Sow Amaranthus, Celosia, Centaurea, Browallia, etc, for autumn decoration in vacant places. Propagate carnations and pinks by layering. Those who require largo blooms must now attend to disbudding, leaving one, two, or three, according to the strength of the plant. Hoses may now be budded, and cut off all decaying flowers and flower stems, and destroy insects.
At this sea on it should be in perfection. Palms, ferns, and lycopods should be at their best; also G. In applying manure- water, " weak and often," is the principle of success. It is not the best season for making additions or alterations to these structures, but there is no portion of the year when additions in the shape of ferns or orchids may not be made. In North Queensland, particularly, some very choice and rare retreats, with good collections of valuable plants, should, in course of time, become common.
Pot-plants are not absolutely necessary to make an attractive bush-house ; the most satisfying one possible can be had by growing everything naturally, either in the borders or according to nature. Make a sowing of Implies or Farmer's Friend, Pearl Millet Pencilaria epicata , Johnson Grass, Toosinte Euchlwna luxurious , Guinea grass, and Italian rye-grass ; these are most useful fodder plants, which cows are very fond of, and they will give twice the milk and butter on this feed.
Sow millet and maize for green teed — these furnish fodder in enormous quantity ; to be sown thinly broadcast ; one seed produces several stalks. Dig up the early crop of potatoes if not already done, and those intended for seed should bo exposed to the atmosphere a few days before being stowed away. In the North, English potatoes only succeed during the winter, and must not be put in before March or much later than June.
Sweet potatoes may, however, be planted at any season of the year within the tropics when moisture fuvours. Persevere in keeping down weeds on cotton and sugar plantations, and for this puipose the cultivators should be kept going as long as the crop will admit of it. Ginger may be taken up when young for preserving purposes only. Tobacoo will now ripen and should be gathered. Larger sowings of a few vegetables may be made now than last month, such as cabbage, brocoli, turnips, carrots, onions, leeks and salads.
Thin out turnips, sown last month, to about twelve inohes apart. Plant out Brussels sprouts. Do not forget to earth up advancing crops of celery, and plant out for succession. Continue to gather cucumbers and various articles for pickling. Prepare all spare ground for future crops, always bearing in mind that upon next month's operations the winter supply of vegetables depends. Dig in all failing crops as they become unprofitable, as all vegetable refuse will help to enrich the soil. The practice of burning superfluous vegetable matter is a sinful waste, entirely out of harmony with nature; nature's method is slowly to decompose it and return it again to the earth as plant food.
Cucumbers and melons must be frequently. In earthing up celery let it be done in dry weather, and when the plants are also dry ; lay the earth lightly to the plants, taking care not to break down the leaves, and also not to bury the hearts of the plants. Any trees that have been previously budded and failed may be worked again. Go over the stocks that were budded last month, and let all the ties be looked. During dry weather gather grapes, etc. Plant out strawberries in well-trenched and manured ground. Take the strongest runners up with a trowel; trim away a few of the under leaves; plant in rows two feet apart and twelve to fifteen inches in the row, keeping them well-watered until rooted.
The best strawberry growers always contrive to make the bed as hard as possible, only leaving a small space close around each plant at all loose. The strawberry likes a strong soil bordering on clay, which must, however, be well drained. Anywhere within the tropics bananas and pineapples may still be planted, and also all manner of tender tropical fruits if in pots; but in putting them out a good protection from the scorching rays of the sun should be furnished until they are well established in their new quarters. Many of the finest plants are now in perfection, and by observing them in different situations an idea may be formed of how they may be placed to the best advantage.
Caladiums, Coleus, Amaranthus, etc. Tie up chrysanthemums and other tall-growing plants ; remove all decaying lowering stems, and keep walks and borders neat. Where strong- growing annuals produce rambling shoots near the ground, they should be trimmed. This will cause them to form handsome and regular heads, and to show themselves to greater advantage than if the branches weie permitted to spread near the ground.
Layer roses, camellias, carnations, and picotees— in fact all plants that it is desired to increase by this means. In the warmer districts of the colony it is necessary to make some artificial shade to grow many Of the choicest annuals, but enthusiastic lovers of these pets will be amply repaid fyr the trouble by the result. The shade, however, must not be a living one. This month and the next are the best for the work, for if left later the heat of summer overtakes them before they have reached their prime and then they are done.
Bulbs that have flowered may be taken up and stored in a suitable place till the proper season for planting them. Bush-house,— If the usual moist heat of this month is experienced, plants in the bush-house will be making luxurious growth. Towards the end of the month gradually withhold manure water; as all kinds of bulbous plants show signs of going to rest, give them less water.
Put in first batch of fuchsia cuttings, which will form good bushy plants, and flower early in spring. Gloxinias, Achimenes, and Tydeas now flowering will be the better of an occasional watering with weak liquid manure. The shade furnished in the bu-ti-house affords an opportunity for sowing many things in seed pans or boxes, but they niUot be watched so that the plants do not become weakly and drawn. Green provender for winter use is to be provided by sowing broadcast the various Sorghums, Imphees, and Millet 1? Tares and vetches may, in cool weather, be sown for ihe same purpose, and in order to support the weak stems of the vetches, they may be mixed with a bushel of rye seed to every two bushels of tares ; these will only succeed on the Downs.
The following variety of turnips may be sown: The potato seed prepared last month should now be planted, and this is the best time for planting a main crop. Districts are known to suit one variety better than others, so the common sense and observations of cultivators must be thoroughly utilised to make the most of what they have. North of Mackay, potato-planting is not to be recommended for a month or two from this.
The January sown cabbages will now be ready for transplanting. Prick out these as soon as they are large enough, and earth up those advancing. Thin out the plants regularly from the seed bed, observing to take the strongest first ; the smalltst may be left in the seed bed longer to increase in strength. Continue to sow in succession several sorts of small salad seeds, such as mustard, cress, radish, etc. When a constant supply of these are wanted, there should be some seed sown once every week or fortnight. Draw Hat shallow drills, sow the seeds pretty thick, and cover them about a quarter of an inch; in dry weather they must be' watered.
Cauliflowers and Brussels sprouts may also be planted out. Reject such whose stems are crooked. Earth up crops of celery which are planted in trenches, as they advance in growth, that they may be blanched to a proper length. Trench, manure, and prepare any vacant ground for future use, leaving the surface in a rough state. Plant asparagus and rhubarb beds ; both require a rich, deep, and fairly moist soil. In warm situations the rhubarb is better for shading.
Gather fruit as it becomes ready, and frequently examine any already stored. In the fruit rooms see that the shelves show no symptoms of decay or mould about them, otherwise the odour will be communicated to the fruit. Tf tha weather be dry, it will be necessary to water plentifully the strawberry beds planted last month. The buds should again be looked to ; young shoots tied and suckers removed. Plant Eanunculus twelve inches apart, and the larger growing ones eighteen inches. Patches of tfijowy annuals should now be sown in vacant places which exist about the edges tC borders.
Full text of "Cowie And Cowland's Central Queensland Almanac "
The following are some of the best: Roses may now be pruned, and the suckers removed. Within the tropics leave pruning until June. In pruning roses cut back to two or three inches above the origin of the young wood; robust growiug kinds should not be pruned so severely as the weaker ones. Carnations and pinks tbat have struck from pipings or layers may be planted out as soon as they have rooted. Cool shady borders are best for these everywhere in Queensland. Early in the month sow Calceolaria, Primula, and Cineraria seed.
Farther north than Mackay success with these florist's flowers is dubious, especially the first two. Calceolaria seed is very small, and consequently often difficult to raise. It should be sown in pots, well drained with any kind of rubble, and filled to within an inch of the rim with light sandy soil, which should be well watered half an hour before sowing. The seed may then be sprinkled thinly on the surface, and will require no covering with soil. The pots should then be placed on coal ashes in a shady spot, and the top of the pots covered with a piece of glass.
No water must be given until the young plants appear, when the glass should be gradually tilted on one side so as to admit air, and water through a very line rose when required. This method applies to the raising of all small and delicate seeds. The Eoil must be well prepared ; harrow the seed in with a light harrow, and if rolled so much the better.
Wheat and oats may now be sown. This is an excellent time to plant a crop of potatoes. Maize should be gathered when ripe, and stored in a perfectly dry and well-ventilated building. Gather cotton as it comes to maturity, and gather and house tobaceo when ready. This is the best month to sow artificial grasses and renew pastures ; but the indigenous grasses are best sown in August. The following is a list of imported grasses that have done well in Queensland, more especially on the Darling Downs: The following fodder and pasture plants have also been successfully grown in this colony: White, alsike, and scarlet.
The quantity required of these is from two to two and a-half pounds per acre. Also clover — red perennial, lucerne, sainfoin grass, common bent grass, Italian rye-grass, woolly soft grass, pearl millet, Phillips' panic grass, buffalo grass, Guinea grass, prickly comfrey, Texas blue grass, sheep Burnett, the good scaroo bush of Africa, and panicum miliare. Prairie grass ia specially valuable in the winter and spring months, when other green feed is scarce.
Be careful to thin crops of turnips, carrots, spinach, lettuce, etc. Celery should be earthed up as it advances in height. Stir the surface of the soil deeply among prowing crops, to admit air to the roots, and keep down weeds. Any spaces of kitchen garden ground which are now vacant should, when required, be manured and trenched for the reception of future crops.
Gather pumpkins and store in a dry place. Where rhubarb and asparagus are desired, now is the time to make ready for them by deep trenching and manuring, and then sow seed of good varieties where they are to remain, thinning them out as necessary afterwards. Asparagus may be grown even farther north than Mackay, but rhubarb is not thrifty even at Kockhampton, and seldom survives the summer. Strawberries may still be planted ; the old beds should now be cleared of all runners, the surface soil stirred about them, and receive a top-dressing of well-rotted manure, which will prove beneficial in promoting strength ; and if in dressing these plants the main plants are not allowed to stand singly, nor permitted to straggle all over the bod, the quality of the fruit would be much improved.
Oranges may now be planted; avoid planting those grafted on the Lemon stock. The soil best suited for the successful growth of the orange is a rich chocolate on a dry substratum, and if upon hilly slopes of volcanic origin, ho much the better. The success of the orange depends as much upon situation and soil as upon latitude, and hence the difference in productiveness and quality of the fruit of the same variety. The neglect of theso conditions, for example, will convert the St.
Michael orange, one of the finest flavoured, into a bitter and nauseous fruit. Melville House August 28, Language: Be the first to review this item Amazon Best Sellers Rank: Weed, Greed, and the End of California for your Kindle today. Don't have a Kindle? Try the Kindle edition and experience these great reading features: Share your thoughts with other customers.
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