The Third Sheffield Colloquium, gender, culture, theory, pp. Studying Roman identity after the cultural turn', Early Christianity 2 3 , New Testament studies rediscovering its subject matter', Journal of the American Academy of Religion 62 4 , United States', in M. Reimagining Paul ine studies through hybrid lenses', in C. In search of the present: The Bible through cultural studies. A preliminary exploration of some intersections', in T. Queer reading at the boundaries of Biblical scholarship, Semeia Studies, pp. A new South African perspective', in R.
Envisioning Biblical studies on a global key, Semeia Studies, vol 66, pp. A task for the exegete of Holy Scripture', Biblical Interpretation 1 2 , Essays and criticism , Granta, London. A hermeneutics of otherness and engagement', in F. Social location and Biblical interpretation in the United States, pp.
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A reading strategy from the diaspora', in F. Social location and Biblical interpretation in global perspective, pp.
A cultural turn in New Testament studies?
Towards a cultural exegesis of the Bible, Biblical Seminar, pp. A view from the margins, Orbis, Maryknoll. Oxford Biblical Studies Online, http: Postcolonial perspectives on Paul's ethnic categorizations', in C. Paul through postcolonial eyes, Paul in critical contexts, pp. E Green, Originally published as Zur Bibel motivieren: Aufgaben, Inhalte, und Methoden einen offenen Bibeldidaktik.
Christian theology and the culture of pluralism, Crossroad, New York. A vocabulary of culture and society, pp. Jeremy Punt, jpunt sun. And it must be interpreted like a text. There is, in the end, no escape from language and textuality' Martin See also Port Cf Punt for some deliberations on cultural studies from the perspective of past and future biblical studies.
See Smith for a brief and useful overview of the development of cultural studies through various phases; also Tanner , Theissen They are the producers of culture on multiple levels, including through resistance to elites' Davaney Popular readings can also be 'an uneven mix of insights, prejudices, contradictions, and images imposed by hegemonic discourse' Glancy However, scholarly readings serve a useful purpose in conjunction with popular readings, for example in addressing the needs of the poor cf Rowland Hayden White, who mooted the idea of history writing as a 'poetic' construction of its author, can be considered the 'patron saint' of the cultural tum that was just getting underway in the s Eley In general, as Chaney puts it, the cultural turn refers to 'how we as ordinary members of society routinely trade upon and begin to express our sense of meaning, value and significance in everyday experience' Chaney Few will disagree that culture is one of the most slippery terms to define; however, 'the very popularity of the term may be due in large part to its universality, capaciousness, and malleability' cf Martin Williams said that '[c]ulture is one of the two or three most complicated words in the English language.
Cultural Interpretations: Reorienting New Testament Criticism
This is so partly because of its intricate historical development, in several European languages, but mainly because it has now come to be used for important concepts in several distinct intellectual disciplines and in several distinct and incompatible systems of thought' Renewed emphasis was devoted to the 'theorisation of the subject position', in terms of both the subject's identity and their social location, leaning heavily on Althusser, Lacan and Kristeva in the formulation of these theories Easthope It meant that the understanding of subjects and objects, agency and power was in need of refinement.
Although issuing caution for its being a tentative description, Segovia refers to his preference for the fourth option besides historical criticism, literary criticism and cultural criticism in contemporary biblical studies as cultural studies or ideological criticism Segovia However, see also among other contributions that of Blount In fact, the unspoken or unreflected assumptions or assumed meaning of authors needs to be placed in and filled out according to the prevailing culture.
Or as Harrill insists, 'The "cultural turn" emphasises the inadequacy of reading texts to reconstruct the voices of ancient people, in favor of theorizing the discursive strategies in "texts" themselves' Notwithstanding pockets of resistance, the tide is turning from detached, aloof scholarship to socially engaged academic work. Instead, socially engaged studies are only starting to establish some kind of a threshold for a more concerted effort to deal with contextuality effectively, responsibly and accountably.
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However, the remaining and still concerted drive away from contextuality should not be ignored or left unengaged. And the same is true, at the level of individuals and their bodies, for the pleasures and other intensities we take from sex, which although they may be offered to us as mediated through sex's social categories, are also open to modification by new ways of incorporating and acting out or performing gender as well as sexual drives' During Firstly, the socially constructed nature of gender and sex in society generally is taken as the point of departure rather than assuming a biological or physiological approach.
In short, gender and sex are 'queered' through the exposure of the powerful systems and structures of convention which require, define and prescribe the form and function of sex and gender: The second aspect of queer theory is often referred to as 'queerying'; it comprises taking social constructionism in sex and gender a step further. Queerying relates to the theoretical and political accommodation of the role of social dynamics and power play in matters of sex and gender, identifying those that benefit from sex and gender constructions and their particular gains.
It refers to investigations of spheres of experience that focus on the body and not only the mind and feelings and emotions beyond the conventional frameworks of representation. For a genealogical tracing of developments of the affective turn, see Clough All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.
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Introduction The late twentieth century's 'linguistic turn' marked the beginning of a new consciousness in hermeneutics and even epistemology in New Testament NT studies. Looking into the cultural crystal ball To begin with, cultural studies include other voices in society in the interpretation of the Bible because it privileges a 'polyphonic hermeneutics' Glancy Autobiographical hermeneutics Proponents of cultural studies make regular use of a wide-ranging spectrum of insights, borrowed from contemporary anthropology and ethnography in particular, which include economics, history, media studies, political theory and sociology.
Institution and ideology Acceptance of the inevitable subjective, autobiographical nature of NT studies does not avert attention from institutional and ideological concerns. Conclusion This contribution is a brief attempt to show how the cultural turn has become evident in various biblical hermeneutical approaches, not an attempt to prescribe cultural studies as the new norm. Acknowledgements This contribution is offered in honour of Graham Duncan's contribution to religion and theology studies, for the friendship and academic cooperation that started as colleagues at the University of Fort Hare in the nineties, and in appreciation of Graham's scholarship, academic dedication and wholesome human character.
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Digital Digital copies are fulfulled via Edelweiss, an external trusted partner. Request an Exam copy Please select a version: Request an Desk copy Please select a version: Description Building on insights into the social functions of language, especially its interpersonal dimensions, Blount constructs a culturally sensitive model of interpretation that provides a sound basis for ethnographic and popular, as well as historical-critical, readings of the biblical text.
Blount's framework does more than acknowledge the inevitability of multiple interpretations; it foments them. The Gospel in Solentiname.
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