In many ways, the split between al-Qaeda and the Taliban is reminiscent of the split between Stalin and Trotsky in the s. Stalin wanted communism in one country, Russia, and Trotsky wanted a worldwide movement of workers in all countries. Stalin thought that Russian communism was doomed if it aligned itself with trying to overthrow foreign governments, and Trotsky, conversely, believed that Russian communism was doomed if it tried to contain itself in one country.
Stalin ended the historical feud by exiling Trotsky and later sending his agents to Mexico to put a pickaxe in Trotsky's skull. But no one can deny that they are a legitimate stakeholder in the future of Afghanistan -- especially if they agree to give up their guns. If we don't recognize this, the bloody war will continue for decades to come, and our young men will be collateral damage. In fact, more than a year ago the State Department argued before the Senate Intelligence Committee that the proposed swap of the five Taliban officials for Bowe Bergdahl would really be a first move in the service of a larger peace deal with the Taliban.
The five Taliban prisoners released from Guantanamo were certainly not terrorists in the traditional sense of the word, like al-Qaeda fighters are. Indeed, if they had refused to fight the American invaders, their home country would have considered them traitors. Four were former high-level public officials of the government of Afghanistan at the time of the U. Mohammed Nabi Omari, the fifth prisoner, was the military commander in the Haqqani network, formed and armed by the CIA to fight Soviet forces in the '80s. After a year imprisonment in harsh conditions, the five high officials released last week are not likely to kill Americans in the next year while under house arrest in Qatar.
After that, they will most likely try to fight against American soldiers remaining in their country. Hopefully, the new Afghan government and the U. These former government officials will be critical to any deal to be worked out in the future. Such manufactured and blown-up conspiracies are certainly not without precedent in recent history.
Sixty years ago the U. President Obama's recent commencement speech at West Point showed a sophisticated understanding of when, and when not, to endanger the lives of American soldiers. I guess this is what the president means when he says that the U. Al-Qaeda operative Rashid Rauf , who was one of the accused in transatlantic aircraft plot , was related to Maulana Masood Azhar by marriage.
Lashkar-e-Taiba , a Kashmiri militant group which is thought to be behind Mumbai attacks , is also known to have strong ties to senior al-Qaeda leaders living in Pakistan. Lashkar-e-Taiba is a member of al-Qaeda. In a video released in , American-born senior al-Qaeda operative Adam Yahiye Gadahn stated that "victory in Kashmir has been delayed for years; it is the liberation of the jihad there from this interference which, Allah willing, will be the first step towards victory over the Hindu occupiers of that Islam land.
This information was uncovered from interrogation of Amjad Khwaja, an operative of Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami , who had been arrested in India. In January , US Defense secretary Robert Gates , while on a visit to Pakistan, stated that al-Qaeda was seeking to destabilize the region and planning to provoke a nuclear war between India and Pakistan. Al-Qaeda and its successors have migrated online to escape detection in an atmosphere of increased international vigilance.
The group's use of the Internet has grown more sophisticated, with online activities that include financing, recruitment, networking, mobilization, publicity, and information dissemination, gathering and sharing. Abu Ayyub al-Masri 's al-Qaeda movement in Iraq regularly releases short videos glorifying the activity of jihadist suicide bombers. In addition, both before and after the death of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi the former leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq , the umbrella organization to which al-Qaeda in Iraq belongs, the Mujahideen Shura Council , has a regular presence on the Web. The range of multimedia content includes guerrilla training clips, stills of victims about to be murdered, testimonials of suicide bombers, and videos that show participation in jihad through stylized portraits of mosques and musical scores.
A website associated with al-Qaeda posted a video of captured American entrepreneur Nick Berg being decapitated in Iraq. Other decapitation videos and pictures, including those of Paul Johnson , Kim Sun-il , and Daniel Pearl , were first posted on jihadist websites.
In December an audio message claiming to be from bin Laden was posted directly to a website, rather than sending a copy to al Jazeera as he had done in the past. Al-Qaeda turned to the Internet for release of its videos in order to be certain they would be available unedited, rather than risk the possibility of al Jazeera editing out anything critical of the Saudi royal family. Alneda was initially taken down by American Jon Messner, but the operators resisted by shifting the site to various servers and strategically shifting content.
The US charged a British information technology specialist, Babar Ahmad , on terrorism charges related to his operating a network of English-language al-Qaeda websites, such as Azzam. He was convicted and sentenced to and-a-half years in prison. In , al-Qaeda released Mujahedeen Secrets , encryption software used for online and cellular communications.
A later version, Mujahideen Secrets 2 , was released in Al-Qaeda is believed to be operating a clandestine aviation network including "several Boeing aircraft", turboprops and executive jets , according to a Reuters story. Based on a US Department of Homeland Security report, the story said that al-Qaeda is possibly using aircraft to transport drugs and weapons from South America to various unstable countries in West Africa.
A Boeing can carry up to 10 tons of cargo. The drugs eventually are smuggled to Europe for distribution and sale, and the weapons are used in conflicts in Africa and possibly elsewhere. Gunmen with links to al-Qaeda have been increasingly kidnapping Europeans for ransom. The profits from the drug and weapon sales, and kidnappings can, in turn, fund more militant activities. The following is a list of military conflicts in which Al-Qaeda and its direct affiliates have taken part militarily. Robin Cook , British Foreign Secretary from to , has written that al-Qaeda and bin Laden were "a product of a monumental miscalculation by western security agencies", and that "Al-Qaida, literally 'the database', was originally the computer file of the thousands of mujahideen who were recruited and trained with help from the CIA to defeat the Russians.
The strategy to support the Afghans against Soviet military intervention was evolved by several intelligence agencies, including the C. After the Soviet withdrawal, the Western powers walked away from the region, leaving behind 40, militants imported from several countries to wage the anti-Soviet jihad. Pakistan was left to face the blowback of extremism, drugs and guns.
Bergen and others argue that there was no need to recruit foreigners unfamiliar with the local language, customs or lay of the land since there were a quarter of a million local Afghans willing to fight.
Lastly, he argues that Americans could not have trained the mujahideen because Pakistani officials would not allow more than a handful of them to operate in Pakistan and none in Afghanistan, and that the Afghan Arabs were almost invariably militant Islamists reflexively hostile to Westerners whether or not the Westerners were helping the Muslim Afghans. According to Bergen, who conducted the first television interview with bin Laden in There's no evidence of this Bin Laden had his own money, he was anti-American and he was operating secretly and independently The real story here is the CIA didn't really have a clue about who this guy was until when they set up a unit to really start tracking him.
Al-Zawahiri has become a close aide of bin Laden Bin Laden was only loosely connected with the [Hezb-i-Islami faction of the mujahideen led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar], serving under another Hezb-i-Islami commander known as Engineer Machmud. However, bin Laden's Office of Services, set up to recruit overseas for the war, received some US cash. Anders Behring Breivik , the perpetrator of the Norway attacks , was inspired by Al-Qaeda, calling it "the most successful revolutionary movement in the world. Islamic extremism dates back to the Kharijites of the 7th century.
The Kharijites were particularly noted for adopting a radical approach to Takfir , whereby they declared other Muslims to be unbelievers and therefore deemed them worthy of death. According to a number of sources, a "wave of revulsion" has been expressed against al-Qaeda and its affiliates by "religious scholars, former fighters and militants" who are alarmed by al-Qaeda's takfir and its killing of Muslims in Muslim countries, especially in Iraq.
Noman Benotman , a former Afghan Arab and a militant member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group LIFG , went public with an open letter of criticism to Ayman al-Zawahiri in November , after persuading the imprisoned senior leaders of his former group to enter into peace negotiations with the Libyan regime. While Ayman al-Zawahiri announced the affiliation of the group with al-Qaeda in November , the Libyan government released 90 members of the group from prison several months after "they were said to have renounced violence.
In , on the anniversary of the September 11 attacks,  the Saudi sheikh Salman al-Ouda delivered a personal rebuke to bin Laden. Al-Ouda, a religious scholar and one of the fathers of the Sahwa, the fundamentalist awakening movement that swept through Saudi Arabia in the s, is a widely respected critic of jihadism. My brother Osama, how much blood has been spilt? How many innocent people, children, elderly, and women have been killed Will you be happy to meet God Almighty carrying the burden of these hundreds of thousands or millions [of victims] on your back?
According to Pew polls, support for al-Qaeda had dropped in the Muslim world in the years before Rationalizing Jihad in Egypt and the World. Although once associated with al-Qaeda, in September LIFG completed a new "code" for jihad, a page religious document entitled "Corrective Studies". Given its credibility and the fact that several other prominent Jihadists in the Middle East have turned against al-Qaeda, the LIFG's reversal may be an important step toward staunching al-Qaeda's recruitment.
The documentary included interviews with former members of the group who stated their reasons for leaving al-Shabab.
- Sessanta sfumature di gola: Le ricette della passione (Damster - Quaderni del Loggione, cultura enogastronomica) (Italian Edition);
The members made accusations of segregation, lack of religious awareness and internal corruption and favoritism. In response to Kareem, the Global Islamic Media Front condemned Kareem, called him a liar, and denied the accusations from the former fighters. In mid after the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant declared that they had restored the Caliphate , an audio statement was released by the then-spokesman of the group Abu Muhammad al-Adnani claiming that "the legality of all emirates, groups, states, and organizations, becomes null by the expansion of the Caliphate's authority".
The speech included a religious refutation of Al-Qaeda for being too lenient regarding Shiites and their refusal to recognize the authority Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi , al-Adnani specifically noting: He also recalled a past instance in which Osama bin Laden called on al-Qaeda members and supporters to give allegiance to Abu Omar al-Baghdadi when the group was still solely operating in Iraq, as the Islamic State of Iraq , and condemned Ayman al-Zawahiri for not making this same claim for Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, and that Zawahiri was encouraging factionalism and division between former allies of ISIL such as the al-Nusra Front.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the militant group. For the Iraqi newspaper, see Al-Qaidah newspaper. In the Af-Pak region: Qatar and state-sponsored terrorism and Qatar diplomatic crisis. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam Iqbal s.
Principles of State and Government Asad Ma'alim fi al-Tariq "Milestones" Qutb Governance of the Jurist "Velayat-e faqih" Khomeini Soviet—Afghan War and Jihadism. Taliban's rise to power and Afghan training camp. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Al-Shabaab militant group and al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.
Controlled by Al-Shabaab and Allies. Controlled by al-Qaeda and Ansar al-Sharia. Death of Osama bin Laden. Controlled by al-Nusra Front. Timeline of al-Qaeda attacks. Responsibility for the September 11 attacks. War on Terror and List of wars and battles involving al-Qaeda.
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The Taliban Is Not al-Qaeda, and It's Very Dangerous for the U.S. to Confuse the Two
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The Taliban Is Not al-Qaeda, and It's Very Dangerous for the U.S. to Confuse the Two | HuffPost
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